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Also known as the Armenian Holocaust and, traditionally by Armenians, as Medz Yeghern, was the Ottoman Empire's systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects living in their historic homeland within Ottoman Tury as well as those who lived in other parts of the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey.  The total number of people killed by the genocide has been estimated at between 0.8 to 1.5 million.  The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested and deported some 250 Armenian intellectualls and community leaders from Constantinople, the majority ultimately being murdered.

The genocide was carried out during and after World War I and implemented in two phases: the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced labour, followed by the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian desert.  Driven foward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre.  Other indigenous and Christian ethic groups such as the Assyrians and the Ottoman Greeks were similarly targeted for extermination by the Ottoman government, and their treatment is considered by many historians to be part of the same genocidal policy.  The majority of Armenian diaspora communitites around the world came into being as a direct result of the genocide.

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